EDITOR IN CHIEF

Yadin David

Ed.D., P.E., C.C.E., Principal, Biomedical Engineering Consultants, LLC (www.BiomedEng.com), Houston, Texas, USA.

Dr. Yadin David is the principal at Biomedical Engineering Consultants, LLC, firm providing expertise to improve health-related service and products through life-cycle management of health technology, product innovation, telemedicine program design, regulatory compliance and forensic engineering services to hospitals, litigation and manufacturing industries worldwide. Previously, Dr. David headed the Biomedical Engineering Department and the Center for Telehealth at the largest medical center in Houston, Texas.
Dr. David holds adjunct academic appointment at the University of Texas - School of Public Health. In addition, he is also a visiting professor at the Inner Mongolia People Hospital and previously at Tec de Monterrey school of Medicine in Mexico. Dr. David serves as chairman and member of FDA advisory panels and is recipient of the FDA commissioner’s special citation as well as of the 2008 ACCE/AAMI Humanitarian Engineering award, of the 2011 Life time achievement award, and of the Italian and Chinese clinical engineering associations’ awards. He was inducted in 2016 into the WVU Academy of Distinguished Alumni of Engineering and Computer Science and in 2017 to the WVU Academy of Chemical Engineering. has served as adviser to the World Health Organization (WHO), as founder and 1st president of the Center for Telemedicine and e-Health Law (CTeL) in Washington, D.C., and serves as Honorary Director of C.E. Department in the school of Biomedical Engineering at Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
David holds B.Sc. and M.Sc. and Doctorate degrees, from West Virginia University (WVU). He is licensed professional engineer (P.E.), certified in clinical engineering (C.C.E.) and Fellow of the American Board of Forensic Engineering and Technology, Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering (AIMBE), and Sr. member of IEEE society. He served as the founder & first president of the American College of Clinical Engineering (ACCE) and of nonprofit Healthcare Technology Foundation (www.thehtf.org) where is president emeritus. Dr. David is member of technical guidance writing bodies, and serves on the Board of the International Federation of Biological and Medical Engineering Clinical Engineering Division, Chairman of Health Technology Task Group (HTTG) of International Union for Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine (IUPESM), member of advisory committee WVU College of Engineering and Mineral Sciences, has served on Editorial Board for Health and Technology journal and the Biomedical Safety and Standards newsletter. He has published numerous manuscripts, chapters and books including the Getting Started with IEC80001, Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Medical Technology Management and served as the editor of Clinical Engineering (both by CRC Press).

 

EDITORS

President, Baretich Engineering, Inc. provides professional clinical engineering services to improve patient care through cost-effective management of medical technology throughout the entire technology life-cycle and forensic engineering services to identify root causes of adverse incidents and avoid their recurrence, helping healthcare organizations provide safer care for their patients. Previously, Dr. Baretich served as Director, Engineering Services, University of Colorado Hospital and Director, Clinical Engineering, Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters. Dr. Baretich completed his doctorate degree in Hospital and Health Administration, University of Iowa, and his M.S., in Biomedical Engineering, at the Iowa State University. He is Registered Professional Engineer (PE), State of Colorado, Certified Clinical Engineer (CCE), ACCE Healthcare Technology Certification Commission, Certified Healthcare Facilities Manager (CHFM), AHA Certification Center, Certified Professional in Healthcare Risk Management (CPHRM), AHA Certification Center. Certified Professional in Patient Safety (CPPS), Certification Board for Professionals in Patient Safety. Matt is one of founders, past-President, and Fellow of the American College of Clinical Engineering as well as Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering and of the American Society for Healthcare Engineering. Dr. Baretich received the 2008 Marvin D. Shepherd Patient Safety Award, ACCE Healthcare Technology Foundation. Among his professional activities Matt serves as faculty member at the ACCE Certified Clinical Engineer Exam Review, the CABMET Certified Biomedical Equipment Technician Exam Review. He also serves on the board of directors of the Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, and as subject matter expert at AAMI Healthcare Technology Management Benchmarking Task Force. He has served on editorial boards of the AAMI Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology journal, NAFE Journal, 24×7 magazine, and ASHE.


Prof. Li Bin is Director of Dept. of hospital management research center of Shanghai 6th People’s Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao tong University, Director of Quality Control Centre of Management of Medical Equipment in Shanghai, Chairman designate of Clinical Engineering Committee of China Medical Association, Vice Chairman of clinical engineers branch of Chinese medical doctor association, Council Member of Chinese society of Biomedical engineering, Committee member of medical device classification technology of China SFDA, Member of the China national medical meteorology technology committee, Chairman of Medical equipment management committee of Shanghai hospital society, Honorary Chairman of Clinical Engineering Committee of Shanghai Medical Association, Chief expert of Shanghai Research Base for Clinical Engineering Technology of Hospital Management Institute of Ministry of Health, Standing committee member of Medical Engineering Committee of Chinese Medical Association, Purchase consultant for Shanghai Municipal Government, Member of China Clinical Engineering Expert and Member of China Association of Medical Equipment. In his professional background he has two-year working experience in foreign-owned enterprises and received his professional training overseas in USA and Japan. He worked for over 20 years as chief of the medical equipment management department and was in charge of device management and quality control of medical equipment in Shanghai for 12 years. Moreover he has been the author and co-author of six books, published over 50 articles in national statistical source journal and has undertaken 2 projects of key R & D projects of the State Ministry of science and technology.


Prof. Calil is retired full professor at University of Campinas – UNICAMP- in Brazil where he also developed and still coordinates the clinical engineering annual course. In addition, Professor Calil serves as technical advisor at the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA) on issues related to Health Technology and as Technical advisor of the Brazilian Ministry of Health on health Technology. Professor Calil has been active participant in international health technology committees and conferences including serving as member of the Administrative Council of IFMBE for the past 12 years. Prof. Calil holds master’s degree in medical electronics from University of London (1980) and doctorate degree in biomedical engineering from Medical Engineering & Physics at King’s College Medical School at the University of London, England (1984). Professor Calil's work has been recognized world-wide by many of his colleagues including the CEMIG/IEEE de Technologia, the Walter Schmidt prize from Associao Brazileria de Marketing em Saude (AMBS), American College of Clinical Engineering (ACCE), Center for Biomedical Engineering at UNICAMP for his role in the establishment of Clinical Engineering in Brazil, and from IFMBE for outstanding contributions as Chair of the Clinical Engineering Division. Saide has been lecturing around the world on medical equipment management including as invited lecturer at the University of Patras, Greece, and as organizer of the joint workshop by PAHO, ACCE, Hospital Sirio Libanese, and University of Campinas on risk management. He served as the IFMBE/CED chairman, as board member and now co-opted member of the Clinical Engineering Division of IFMBE. Prof. Calil recently has been leading and coordinating the international project of collecting data on the Body of Knowledge (BOK) and Body of Practice (BOP).


 
Daniel Clark

Prof. Dan leads the Clinical Engineering service in Nottingham, one of the largest in Europe and provides the full scope of equipment services including: device evaluation, commissioning, service and maintenance, decommissioning and disposal. This service has specialist teams in renal technical support, non-ionising radiation, anaesthetics and ventilators and general medical and also provides a comprehensive equipment library service and a medical devices training unit. Dan also leads an innovation and research unit that designs and produces novel medical devices plus a device evaluation and adoption service (CHEATA – the Centre for Healthcare Equipment And Technology Adoption). He has considerable experience of evaluating new technologies and introducing them into the healthcare setting. Dan has an honorary chair in the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Nottingham where he supports a range of healthcare-related engineering research groups. He chairs the Trust’s Medical Devices Group and sits on a number of trust-wide risk committees. He is the Co-director of the Centre for Healthcare Technologies, a collaborative venture between Nottingham University and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust specialising in the acceleration of curiosity driven science into adopted medical technology. He is also a member of NICE’s Medical Technology Advisory Committee and a collaborating member of both the IFMBE (International Federation and Medical and Biomedical Engineering) Health Technology Assessment Division and Clinical Engineering Division.


 
Tobey Clark

Tobey Clark is the Engineering Supervisor, Instrumentation and Technical Services (ITS) at the University of Vermont. For 22 years, he was ITS director with responsibilities for a 30 hospital healthcare technology management program covering 75,000 medical devices, and the university’s prototyping and instrumentation development lab serving regional emerging technology companies and university researchers. Tobey has faculty appointments in the College of Nursing and Health Sciences and the School of Engineering. He is the primary Director of the World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Center for Health Technology Management at UVM and an advisor to WHO and the Pan American Health Organization. Tobey was the President of the Healthcare Technology Foundation 2011-2015 with significant work focused on clinical alarm safety, patient healthcare technology education, and risk management for medical device networks. He is an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) Program Evaluator for Bioengineering Technology Programs. Tobey has certifications in clinical engineering (CCE) and healthcare technology management (CHTM).


Tal S. David

Tal S. David, MD is an orthopedic surgeon specializing in arthroscopy and sports medicine surgery. He is a founding member Synergy Specialists Medical Group, an Associate Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at UC San Diego, and serves as a Faculty Member of the San Diego Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine Fellowship (ACGME). He has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals on various topics related to Sports Medicine and currently serves on the Board of Editors of the peer-reviewed scientific journals, Orthopedics, as well as Annals of Sports Medicine and Research. He has been involved in the care of the injured athlete for 18 years and has served on the medical staff of various professional sports teams including over 10 years as an NFL team physician.


Howard Derman

Dr. Derman is an Associate Professor of Neurology at the Weill Cornell Medical College and founding member of the Neurological Institute (NI) of The Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas. In spring 2010, Derman and several colleagues at the Neurological Institute established the Methodist Concussion Center. Derman is a concussion specialist for the Houston Dynamo and Houston Texans. Derman received his B.S. degree from Syracuse University and his M.D. degree from Rush Medical College in Chicago, Illinois. After a one year medical internship at the University of Connecticut, he spent two years in Neurology training at Duke University Medical Center in Durham North, Carolina. He then served as the Chief Resident in Neurology at the Baylor College of Medicine. Since 1979, Derman has been in active clinical practice in Neurology at The Methodist Hospital. He has a special interest in the treatment of migraine headaches, concussions and other pain syndromes affecting the nervous system. Derman’s research includes new approaches to treatment of headaches. He is also involved in several research projects which include both the causes of concussions and programs to get athletes to return to play.


Anthony Easty

Prof. Anthony (Tony) Easty is an Adjunct Professor in the Institute of Biomaterials & Biomedical Engineering, in the University of Toronto. He is also a Fellow in the Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society, in the Canadian Institute of Engineers and the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. Tony has an academic background in biomedical engineering, and his experiences in clinical environments have shown him that there is much work to be done to improve the safety and efficacy of health technologies. His current research interests include investigating the risks associated with multiple intravenous drug infusions, improving the safety of intravenous chemotherapy, improving the safety of home-based care, and investigating incidents related to medical devices. 


Tom Judd holds an MSc from Naval Postgraduate School and he has completed his graduate studies at Johns Hopkins in Biomedical Engineering. He has also been nationally certified in Clinical Engineering, Quality, and Health Information. He currently serves as the Secretary of the International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering in the Clinical Engineering Division (IFMBE/CED). He has published numerous manuscripts and serves as an Associate Editor in Health Technology and Quality, The The Kaiser Permanente Journal. He has retired (2016) from Kaiser Permanente (KP) health system after serving 25 years as National Project Director, Clinical Technology, and as KP Georgia Quality & Patient Safety Director. Moreover he has worked in various positions with responsibility for Health Technology and particularly with a focus on global Clinical Engineering, thus building an experience which exceeds 40 years. He is a Past chairman of ACCE International Committee and also collaborates with ACCE colleagues and international health organizations such as WHO and PAHO (since 1991) to develop and expand the Advanced Clinical Engineering Workshops (ACEWs), where CEs and health leaders from over 90 countries who have attended are now been trained in CE-HTM best practices.


James Keller is responsible for integration of ECRI’s international operations with its headquarters. He leads ECRI headquarters efforts to support the mission, business operations, business development, planning, and overall growth for its international programs and services. He serves as a member of ECRI Institute’s Executive Committee, which is responsible for overall governance of ECRI Institute operations. Prior to taking on his international role Mr. Keller spent nearly twenty years directing ECRI Institute’s Health Devices evaluation program that provides independent judgment and guidance to help hospitals and health systems select and manage medical devices. The program was referred to by the New York Times as the “country’s most respected laboratory for testing of medical products1”. Mr. Keller was also responsible for the Health Devices Alerts notification service for medical product hazards and recalls; Alerts Tracker™, a Web-based tool for managing hazards and recalls of medical products; Biomedical Benchmark™, a resource to help hospitals manage their medical equipment service activities; an annual series of interactive webinars on health technology issues; and the International Medical Device Problem Reporting System. He co-developed Alerts Tracker, which is now used in over 1,000 hospitals worldwide. Mr. Keller is a recognized expert and frequently invited speaker on a wide range of health technology-related topics. These include patient safety, adverse event investigation, equipment management, strategic planning and forecasting, device utilization, nomenclature and asset management, and the convergence of medical devices and information systems. He has been an invited keynote at national conferences in Australia, Italy, Canada, and multiple venues in the US. He is also routinely sought out by the news media for his expertise on a variety of health technology concerns. Mr. Keller is a Fellow and Past-President of the American College of Clinical Engineering, a past member of the board for the Health Technology Foundation, and a past member of the board for the Health Technology Certification Commission. He joined ECRI Institute in 1984 after completing a MS in biological engineering from the University of Connecticut and a BS in zoology from the University of Massachusetts. He is a member of the University of Connecticut’s Academy of Distinguished Engineers. [1] New York Times, April 23, 2002


Dr. Zheng Kun is currently Director of Clinical Engineering (CE) at Children’s Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China, from December 1985 to June 2010 before becoming Director of Informatics & Deputy Director of CE until June 2015. He has been a member of the Executive Committee and Director of Foreign Affairs Division of Chinese Society of Clinical Engineering China Medical Association (CSCE) since September 2009, as well as its Secretary General from January 2013 to November 2015 and Vice Chairman since November 2015. In addition, he has been Vice Chairman of the Chinese College of Clinical Engineers China Physicians Association (CCCE) since 2014 and a member of the Executive Committee of Chinese Digital Medicine Association China Association of Medical Equipment. He has published about 50 peer-reviewed papers in CE and health technology management (HTM) and has been participating and being in charge of some research projects in clinical engineering and information technology field. Since 1985, he has translated into Chinese many English professional literature and some chapters of books, including ECRI Institute’s Health Devices. He also has served as an on-site translator for nearly 200 lectures delivered by American and European experts and professors, for the CE certification program in China since 2005, and for joint training programs with ECRI Institute on medical device incident investigation. Dr. Zheng earned a Bachelor’s Science Degree in Biomedical Engineering and a Master’s Degree of Law (L.L.M. in Administration & Management) from Zhejiang University, and received a fellowship in Ohio State University Affiliated Hospitals and NIH during 1988 to 1989. He was the chief clinical engineer who supported the first NICU in mainland China with health technology management. He is certified as a Clinical Engineer in 2005. He received International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) Clinical Engineering Division (CED)’s inaugural Clinical Engineering Teamwork Award during the First International Clinical Engineering & HTM Congress (ICE&HTMC) which was held in Hangzhou China in October 2015.


Director of the Clinical Engineering Department in “San Matteo-Pavia” a teaching public hospital in the north of Italy, WHO Collaborating Center for research and training in CE and HTM, Paolo Lago has developed professional skills in the field of biomedical technologies, medical information technology and management patterns and has gained large experience in the field of Health Technology Assessment. Founding member of the Italian Society of HTA, past-president and now responsible for international relations of AIIC, Italian Association of Clinical Engineers, serves as elected member in the CE Division Board of IFMBE. His responsibilities in the hospital comprehend: purchasing, servicing and managing of medical equipment; technical consulting for new equipment, technical assessment of servicing contracts, testing and disposing of obsolete equipment, development of management patterns, adjusting and up-keeping of equipment on the market, support to scientific research, development of innovation technologies, development of data and communication nets. He provides technical consultancy on problems concerning the purchasing, elaboration and transmission of biomedical data and images. He has gained interdisciplinary knowledge in the field of electronics, electro-optics and computer science through the planning and implementation of engineering prototypes and technology. He is now member of the scientific Committee of the postgraduate Master in Clinical Engineering and appointed professor for teaching “Organization, automation and hospital logistics” to biomedical students of the University of Pavia. He graduated in Electronic Engineering and has got a Ph.D. in Electronics and Computer Science.


Nicolas Pallikarakis is Emeritus Professor of the University of Patras, Greece, Head of the Biomedical Technology Unit (BITU) of the Medical School and Founder and Chairman of the Institute of Biomedical Technology (INBIT), an independent, non-profit Organization for the promotion of medical technology assessment and management. His research interests include Medical Imaging and Simulation, Medical Instrumentation and Management of Medical Technology. He has been the Coordinator of more than 30 projects, supervisor of more than 50 Master and 20 PhD theses, he published about 120 articles, had active participation in more than 100 international conferences, seminars and workshops, and has organized more than 40 scientific events. He actively participated in many international activities related to Biomedical Engineering. Amongst them: Member of the EU Medical Devices Expert Croup between 1990 and 2005, Chairman of the Clinical Engineering Division (CED) /IFMBE (1994-1997) and Chairman of the Healthcare Technology Assessment Division (HTAD) /IFMBE (2012-2015). He is founding member of the EAMBES Fellows, and member of the EAMBES Council, Professor Honoris Causa of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering of the University of Cluj-Napoca, Doctor Honoris Causa of the Technical University of Moldova and elected Member of the International Academy of Medical and Biological Engineering (IAMBE) since 2005.


Mladen graduated from the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg in 1977 with a degree in electrical engineering. After working in the medical device industry he moved to the public sector, joining the Medical Physics Department at the Johannesburg General Hospital in 1982 and focussed primarily on electrocardiology while actively supporting the growth of Clinical Engineering (CE) in South Africa. In 1987 he joined the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Cape Town (UCT) as head of the Medical Electronics section with a joint appointment at Groote Schuur Hospital, focusing primarily on biomedical signal processing and its clinical application. UCT’s Healthcare Technology Management (HTM) programme - the only one of its kind in the African Region – was launched in 1999 with Mladen serving as convener/director from its inception until 2015. He facilitated the establishment of Northwestern University’s Global Health Technologies study abroad programme that commenced in 2006 and served as co-director until 2016. From 2012 to 2015 he was also Senior Lecturer in the Graduate School of Technology Management at the University of Pretoria. In 2016 Mladen returned to the public sector as Director: Health Technology in the Western Cape Department of Health. Mladen has served in an advisory capacity and as consultant for the World Health Organization and other international and national bodies and organisations, including the South African Department of Health, the Medical Research Council, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, the Engineering Council of South Africa and the African Federation for Technology in Healthcare (AFTH). He previously served as chair of the IFMBE’s Working Group for Developing and is currently a board member of both the IFMBE’s Clinical Engineering Division and Division for Health Technology Assessment. He is a founding member of the recently established Southern African Health Technology Assessment Society (SAHTAS) and remains active in the advancement of the HTA, BME, CE/HTM and medical device innovation agendas in South Africa and beyond.


Dr. Jerome Schultz received his B.S. and M.S in Chemical Engineering from Columbia University, and his Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Wisconsin in 1958. He started his career in the pharmaceutical industry (Lederle Laboratories) then joined the University of Michigan, where he was Chairman of the Department of Chemical Engineering. He spent two years at the National Science Foundation as Deputy Director of the Engineering Centers Program. In 1987 he joined the University of Pittsburgh as Director of the Center for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, and was the Founding Chairman of the Department of Bioengineering, a nationally ranked degree program in Bioengineering. He spent a year at NASA’s Ames Research Center as a Senior Scientist in their Fundamental Biology Program. In 2004 Dr. Schultz joined the faculty at the UC Riverside as the Founding Chairman of the newly formed Bioengineering Department in the College of Engineering. In 2017 Dr. Schultz joined the University of Houston as a Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering. Dr. Schultz is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has been named a Fellow of the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Biomedical Engineering Society, and the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences. He was a Founding Fellow and then President of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He has served on the Editorial Boards of Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Journal of Biomaterials Science, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Journal of Membrane Science, and Journal of Bioengineering. He was Editor-in-Chief of Biotechnology Progress from 1988 to 2011.


Dr. Jitendar Sharma is the Managing Director & CEO of Andhra Pradesh MedTech Zone (AMTZ), known in policy forums as the “Med Tech Man of India”, which is Asia’s first medical devices manufacturing city besides being the Adviser for Health to Govt. of Andhra Pradesh, India and Executive Director of Kalam Institute of Health Technology (KIHT)- a technology policy research body set up with the support of Govt. of India. He is adjunct faculty at University of Adelaide, Australia; and program Director for Health Technology Assessment (HTA) fellowships in India. He has been founder of 6 organizations and architect of Universal Health Coverage for the state of Andhra Pradesh- the first state in India with 50 million people to declare UHC. He is also the National Chairperson for Indian Bio-Medical Skill Consortium which is an active congregation of over 20 national academic institutions. Awarded among the “100 most impactful healthcare leaders” in global listing by Health & Wellness Congress, Dr. Sharma served as the Founder Head of Healthcare Technology Division and Head of Health Financing Divisions at National Health Systems Resource Centre (NHSRC) under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. He was also the Founder Director of WHO Collaborating Centre for Medical Devices in India. His past experience includes that as Hospital Administrator at Sri Sathya Sai Medical Institutions-one of India’s largest not for profit health organizations, as consultant to the World Bank for health financing, as Expert Consultant to the World Health Organization, Geneva and advisor to Health Technology Innovation Centre at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT). Dr. Sharma has authored seven books, twenty research papers and six compendiums on technical specifications for medical technologies besides contributing to a number of WHO reports on health technologies, health financing and Non-Communicable Diseases. He has been a key designer and coordinator for several health programs in India and teaches courses on health policy & health technology in several countries.


Dr. Elliot Sloane is a Certified Clinical Engineer, a HIMSS, ACCE, and AIMBE Fellow, and an IEEE Senior Member. For over 15 years, he has led HIMSS volunteer initiatives in privacy and security, health information exchange, medical device safety, security and interoperability, eHealth/mHealth, regulations, policy, and eHealth interoperability. Sloane is Emeritus Co-Chair of Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise International (IHE) medical interoperability standards, testing, and certification programs used in the US, Asia, Europe, and Latin America, and is on the IHE USA board. Dr. Sloane’s nonprofit Foundation for Living, Wellness, and Health (FLWH.org) agency develops and delivers bilingual patient advocacy and education and information, and provides expert testimony on these matters for US government agencies including FDA, FCC, NIST, NSF and ONC, the World Health Organization and many international Ministers of Health. The FLWH is also preparing bilingual training materials and books for Clinical Engineers and Health Informatics professionals. Sloane has an active monthly speaking schedule at international academic and professional society meetings supporting improved patient care and safety, leveraging proven, open-source interoperability and security standards. He teaches online and classroom graduate courses in MIS, eHealth, management, IT security, and Health Informatics for Villanova and South Universities.


With 30 years of experience in Biomedical Engineering, Adriana is the senior adviser and focal point on medical devices at the World Health Organization, where she has been working since 2008, and leading the work to improve access to safe, affordable, quality and appropriate medical devices. She coordinates the development of the Medical Devices Technical Series publications and all projects related with priority medical devices for clinical applications in maternal, new born, and non communicable diseases, as well as policies for medical devices, global data on medical devices, innovative technologies, health technology assessment and health technology management, among others. She is Mexican Biomedical Engineer with postgraduate degree in Clinical Engineering in USA. Previous to join WHO she was the founding and Director General of the National Centre for Health Technology Excellence (CENETEC) in the Ministry of Health in Mexico, where she had more than 15 years experience as clinical engineer in Private and public hospitals in Mexico.


Dr. Frank Zavisca graduated from The State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo with BA degree in Biology in 1965 and with M.D. degree in Medicine in 1969. He completed the medical internship at Buffalo General – Meyer Memorial Hospitals in 1970 and also completed the Residency in Anesthesiology at Mass General Hospital, in Boston MA. He graduated from the MIT, Cambridge, MA, with Ph.D. degree from the Dept of Nutrition and Food Science, in 1978. He has practiced Anesthesiology and Pharmacology research at West Virginia University (WVU) in Morgantown, W.Va., University of Texas (UT) in Houston, Texas Tech University at Lubbock, and at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Texas. Most recently, he practiced at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (LSUHSC), at Shreveport, between 1996-2016. He is now on medical retirement due to total knee replacement. He has extensive publications in the areas of anesthesia, pain control, and drug-brain interactions. Hiw major interests include the use of computers for Electronic Hospital Records and teaching, Simulation, Technology, instrumentation specifically for assisting handicap persons such as smart wheelchair, grabbing devices, and accessibility.